This has some people worried. According to an intriguing article I recently read from The Atlantic "Is Google making us stupid?", our new reading behaviour is rewiring our brains, just as hand writing, clocks, assembly lines and other innovations have throughout history.
The author, Nicholas Carr, laments our declining ability to read long tracts, grasp ambiguity and think deeply. Lighten up, Nicholas. Before you rush to judgment, let’s wait for the scientific evidence. In the meantime, let’s consider how this growing reading behaviour may be enriching our minds.
Snack vs feast
Nicholas cites a study of the online reading habits of researchers who snacked on many tidbits of internet information rather than finishing the long feast of research papers. Yes, they were not plumbing the depths of the articles. But, assuming they expended an equivalent amount of energy online snacking and thinking, most were still nourishing their minds, just in a different way.
Of course it’s up to the individual, perhaps with a prod from a teacher, boss or coach, to decide whether to connect those snacks through critical thinking. It’s also up to us to decide how we slice, splice and spice the snacks with knowledge we consume from books, television, personal conversations and other sources.
Exercise the brain
Like muscles, brains strengthen through exercise. The more the reader thinks about what she is reading, the more her brain will develop. Like exercise, more difficult or faster thinking should produce more growth. What’s more, cross-training with different kinds of mental activities, from solving soduko puzzles to playing the violin, should help create a better balanced brain.
So let’s not to be too quick to dismiss scanning and linking as part of a healthy brain workout.
Nicholas implies that the quick summaries we find on the Internet lack the depth of longer texts. But good online content succinctly captures the important points and perspectives. That makes it easier to link these golden nuggets to each other, to make sense or even gain insight from the wide range of sources the internet offers.
Well-written content summarized for online reading is not superficial. It saves readers from having to wade through the unnecessarily long writing. It’s quite similar to the skill of newspaper writers and editors in summarizing the most important information in the first paragraph. Or the abstracts for academic papers. It’s not new.
Get to the point
The leap to scanning and linking has simply made clear, concise summaries more important than ever. People writing email newsletters, blogs, web sites or anything else that’s read on the screen need to make it easy to grasp the basic essence of their message. In this way, they also make it easier for the reader to mentally link their messages to the main ideas from other sources.
So, yes, Nicholas, how we read is changing. But there’s no need to rush to judgment. The couch potatoes passively absorbing superficial information through laugh-tracked sitcoms or cat photo web sites probably aren’t growing as many brain cells and synapses as the people who are learning Mandarin or analysing DNA sequences.
My answer to the question: Is Google make us stupider? is ‘”No.”
Maybe Google may help us evolve into smarter beings, providing we don’t abandon other brain-stimulating activities.
In fact, I’ll bet neuroscientists will confirm that people who combine energetic snacking on internet tidbits and focused feasting on long, complex texts will develop bigger, better brains.
What do you think?
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